...As Proposed by Fred Kagan, Bastardized by Bush and Spun by Kagan with an Assist from Bill Kristol...
By Alan Breslauer on 1/21/2007, 4:36pm PT  

Guest Blogged by Alan Breslauer

On Saturday, there was a death "surge" in Iraq as at least 25 U.S. troops were killed on a single day in the worst one-day death toll for our troops since the start of the War.

Meanwhile, as Bush prepares to serve up another 21,500 American troops to Iraq, it's worth taking a look at who the hell came up with the "augmentation" plan in the first place, what it said before the Bush spin machine grabbed hold of it, and what the plan's author has had to say since Bush revealed it to the country on January 10, 2007.

According to Fred Barnes, Fox "News" perennial and editor of The Weekly Standard and as confirmed by the BBC, Washington Post and The Economist, Bush's new and improved plan for Iraq is based on a 50-page report written by retired General Jack Keane and Frederick Kagan, a "military academic" at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). The report does, in fact, read much like Bush's proposal. With one small exception. As Barnes points out, the Keane/Kagan plan originally "envision[ed] a temporary addition of 50,000 troops".

With that in mind, here are some excerpts from the report, a television appearance and other media authored by Frederick Kagan over the last two months --- beginning before last November's election, well prior to Bush's announcement of the new scheme --- along with a couple of guest appearances by Surge Master Bill Kristol...

November 1, 2006
Kagan on NewsHour with Jim Lehrer (Ray Suarez hosting), PBS:

FREDERICK KAGAN: It's very hard for an outsider to estimate exactly how many troops are necessary, but my best guess would be somewhere around 50,000 additional American troops would probably be necessary to pull this off properly.

November 27, 2006
Kagan and Bill Kristol lay the groundwork in The Weekly Standard for some unparalleled hypocrisy in their January 20, 2007 bashing of Senator Hillary Clinton:

And it is true that surging 50,000 more troops--with the equipment they need--into Iraq in the coming weeks and months will strain a strained military further. But it is also true that we can do it--if we think success in Iraq is a national priority--by extending tours, moving troops from other theaters into Iraq, and calling up expanded numbers from the Guard and Reserves.

December 4, 2006
Kagan in The Weekly Standard:

...it is very likely that a surge of 50,000 American troops would be sufficient to stabilize the capital.

Almost all of the Army units not deployed or deploying to Iraq are rated not-combat ready... Two solutions: Send forces that are not as well trained as one would like, or conduct the surge itself in phases, accelerating the deployment of the troops preparing to go in in the spring and sending a follow-on wave behind them.

It is also true that deploying more forces to Iraq would require accepting greater risk elsewhere.

December 21, 2006
Kagan's opinion piece, "US Cannot Accept Defeat", runs in USA Today:

A large scale two-year effort to clear and hold critical areas in Baghdad that are the center of sectarian violence in the capital can succeed today.

Securing the critical areas of Baghdad would require a surge of at least 35,000 more U.S. combat troops into Iraq (some would go into Anbar province and elsewhere to contain any spillover from Baghdad).

December 24, 2006
Kagan quoted by Times Online calling for 30,000 more troops:

There are now five brigades operating in Baghdad, so America would have to add four more — about 20,000 soldiers.

There are now the equivalent of three brigades of US troops in Anbar. An additional two (about 10,000 troops) there would not allow the United States to clear and hold the province but would prevent insurgents fleeing the fight in Baghdad from destabilising Anbar further.

The increase in US troops cannot be short-term.

NOTE: Bush's plan calls for just 4,000 new troops in Anbar, leaving just 17,500 additional troops for Baghdad.

December 27, 2006
Kagan and Keane combine forces in an Washington Post Op-Ed:

Bringing security to Baghdad --- the essential precondition for political compromise, national reconciliation and economic development --- is possible only with a surge of at least 30,000 combat troops lasting 18 months or so. Any other option is likely to fail.

Of all the "surge" options out there, short ones are the most dangerous. Increasing troop levels in Baghdad for three or six months would virtually ensure defeat.

It is difficult to imagine a responsible plan for getting the violence in and around Baghdad under control that could succeed with fewer than 30,000 combat troops beyond the forces already in Iraq.

The only "surge" option that makes sense is both long and large.

January 4, 2007
An interim presentation (dated December 14, 2006 on the AEI website but with the filename "20061219_ChoosingVictory" and labeled January 4, 2007 on the chart itself) contains the following which calls for an additional 31,150 combat troops to be deployed in two stages:

January 11, 2007
The final version of Kagan's AEI plan "Choosing Victory: Iraq Planning Group" seemingly calls for about 33,000 additional troops to secure parts of Baghdad:

The plan therefore commits four additional BCTs (20,000 troops)* into Baghdad, designates two RCTs (8,000)* for Anbar but makes them available elsewhere if necessary, and designates one BCT (5,000)* that could be used as a reserve in an emergency.

The violence in the central areas of Iraq is now so high that few reporters venture far from the Green Zone. Consequently, events within a relatively small area of the capital now disproportionately shape the world’s perceptions of the situation in the country. It is necessary to focus on securing these areas in order to retain the American people’s support for the war and increase international support.

Any lesser force will entail a much greater risk of failure.

It is unlikely that large numbers of U.S. troops could begin to return home until much later in 2008.

Many of the proposals in this section can be summed up briefly: the nation must be put on a war footing.

*numbers added but based on figures Kagan used for BCTs and RCTs elsewhere

January 20, 2007
Kagan and Kristol show their true stripes in another article for The Weekly Standard:

Why, above all, would [Senator Hillary Clinton] or anyone else imagine that it is appropriate for a committee of 535 people to micromanage a war by setting a precise (and arbitrary) figure for the number of soldiers the commander on the spot can deploy?

There is one man who should be recommending the size of American forces in Iraq, and that is the incoming commander, General Petraeus. Neither the Bush administration nor any collection of congressmen should preempt his professional evaluation of the situation and of the forces necessary to accomplish his mission. It is foolish and absurd for politicians to propose resolutions on American troop strength in Iraq before even hearing General Petraeus's voice in the debate. And when he has spoken, Senator Clinton and her colleagues should carefully weigh the burden they will take on themselves if they dismiss his advice.

Senator Clinton's troop cap is dangerously foolish. The nonbinding resolution of disapproval Senator Biden has proposed is irresponsible.

Foolish and irresponsible? Like promoting a troop escalation level that you had previously dismissed as "dangerous", "difficult to imagine" being "responsible" and "likely to fail"? Or foolish and absurd like criticizing Senator's Clinton and Biden for thinking anyone, other than the military commander in Iraq, should determine troop levels weeks after writing that the military commander was wrong about troop levels and then promoting your own plan for more troops ad nauseam? Finally, if not arbitrary, what would you label calls for a troop surge of 50,000, 40,000, 35,000, 33,000, 31,500, 30,000 and 21,500 over two months?

It's difficult to imagine anything more foolish and irresponsible than following the KKK (Kagan, Keane and Kristol) plan in Iraq.

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